Dummy models


MADYMO Dummy Models

Years of research and development have led to the creation of the most extensive database of crash test dummy models available. MADYMO Dummy Models are famously accurate and also renowned for their computational speed, robustness and user-friendliness. The MADYMO crash test dummy models have been successfully applied in the analysis and design of a wide range of protective devices, ranging from AutomotiveAviationDefence, and Rail. 

Results in minutes
Through its combined multibody and FE techniques, MADYMO provides dummy models that meet the most stringent demands for accuracy, robustness and computation speed. Typical stand-alone MADYMO occupant safety simulations can run within 5-10 minutes.

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The MADYMO dummy models are validated on component, assembly and full-system level using an extensive database of test data. Their level and range of validation is reported extensively in quality reports, in which model responses are compared with physical dummy responses using objective rating criteria.


  • speed and accuracy
  • quality assurance via detailed reports
  • easy access to all models
  • Works in combination with all crash codes
  • user support

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Dummy Benchmark

THOR-M dummy model

Based on increased market demand to have a CPU-efficient, reliable and robust model of the THOR-M crash test dummy, TASS International offers an ellipsoid surface-based MADYMO model of the THOR-M using MADYMO's multi-body technology. The model is based on the latest CAD data and is validated against certification test data and full-dummy sled test data. The model is available with MADYMO V7.5 patch level 1 and later versions and can be downloaded from our download area.

Thor mod kit MADYMO model

Frontal impact dummies

A variety of MADYMO dummy models for frontal impact are available. The commonly used Hybrid III 5%, 50% and 95% are available as Quality models which come with a Quality report. The models are also available as scalable models which can be scaled to any population percentage desired. Our frontal impact portfolio also provides the standing Hybrid III 50%, both scalable and non-scalable, as well as the Hybrid III 50% with Thor lower legs and the TNO-10, used in ECE-R16 homologation tests.

  • Hybrid III 5th Quality Ellipsoid
  • Hybrid III 5th Quality Facet
  • Hybrid III 5th Scalable
  • Hybrid III 50th Quality Ellipsoid
  • Hybrid III 50th Quality Facet
  • Hybrid III 50th Scalable
  • Hybrid III 50th Standing
    • Click link for an example of using this dummy model for aviation.
    • The linked URL is the official web site of JAXA which is one of TASS International customers in Japan.
  • Hybrid III 50th standing Scalable
  • Hybrid III 50th with THOR lower legs
  • Hybrid III 50th Quality with MIL-Lx
  • Hybrid III 95th Quality Ellipsoid
  • Hybrid III 95th Quality Facet
  • TNO-10
  • Thor 5th: future development, please contact us for more information
  • Polar : future development, please contact us for more information

Side impact dummy models

The MADYMO side impact dummy portfolio contains models of the European Side impact dummy ES-2, including the ES-2re (rib extension), both for left-hand and right-hand side impacts. The side impact dummy portfolio is further supplemented with the SID-IIs, both regular as well as Quality models. These models also come with airbag interaction arm extensions both for left-hand and right-hand side impacts. Finally, models for the SID-H3, US DoT-SID and worldSID are available.

  • ES-2 (RE) left-hand / right-hand Quality ellipsoid
  • ES-2 (RE) left-hand / right-hand Quality facet
  • SID-IIs ellipsoid
  • SID-IIs finite element
  • SID-IIs Quality left-hand / right-hand facet
  • SID-IIs left-hand / right-hand with airbag interaction arm
  • SID-H3 left-hand / right-hand ellipsoid
  • US DoT-SID left-hand / right-hand ellipsoid
  • WorldSID 50% left-hand Quality facet
  • WorldSID 50% right-hand Quality facet
  • WorldSID 5% left-hand / right-hand Quality facet: future development, please contact us for more information
  • MIL SID: future development, please contact us for more information

With the aim to support Prescribed Structural Motion analysis in side impact analysis with MADYMO dummy models, we offer the PSM Cookbook.

Child Dummy models

The MADYMO child dummy portfolio consists of the Hybrid III family, the P series and the Q series.

The first TNO child dummies were developed in the late seventies for the evaluation of restraining devices for children in vehicles. The development was initiated by the work of an ECE-committee that was drafting a regulation for child restraint systems. The work resulted in ECE-Regulation 44, "Uniform provisions concerning the approval of restraining devices for child occupants of power-driven vehicles" which came into force in 1982. The regulation initially described 4 dummies: the P3/4 , P3, P6 and P10 dummies representing children of respectively 9 months, 3, 6 and 10 years. In 1988 a simple dummy representing a new-born child, called P0 was added. In 1995 the P11/2 (18 months) dummy was added which is now also specified for ECE-R44.

The Hybrid III 3-year-old (3YO) dummy and Hybrid III 6 Year Old (6YO) dummy are used to evaluate the aggressiveness of deploying side and frontal airbags to an out-of position 3-year-old and 6-year-old child respectively. Both dummies are included in the FMVSS 208 and are the recommended dummies to represent a 3-year-old or 6-year-old child in all ISO "Out-of-Position" test procedures. Two MADYMO models of the Hybrid III 3YO and 6YO dummies are available: an ellipsoid model and a finite element model.

In 1993, an ad-hoc child dummy working group, consisting of CRS manufacturers, research institutes and test-houses in Europe started the development of the Q-series of child dummies as successor to the P-series. The 3-year-old version, Q3, is the first dummy of the Q-series. The Q3 differs considerably from the TNO P3 with respect to the potential areas of application (including lateral testing), biofidelity and injury assessment capabilities. The Q1.5 Dummy is based on anthropometrical scaling rules and hardware measurements and has the same model set-up as the Q3. The Q6 and Q10 dummies are expected to be introduced into the EuroNCAP test protocol in 2016.

Child Hybrid III series

  • CRABI 6 month: future development, please contact us for more information
  • CRABI 12 month ellipsoid
  • CRABI 18 month: future development, please contact us for more information
  • Hybrid III 3YO ellipsoid
  • Hybrid III 3YO finite element
  • Hybrid III 6YO ellipsoid
  • Hybrid III 6YO finite element
  • Hybrid III 6YO scalable

Child P-series

  • P3/4
  • P1.5
  • P3
  • P6
  • P10

Child Q-series

Q-series child occupant models

Rear impact dummy models

The BioRID II is the production version of a rear impact dummy developed by Chalmers University of Technology that has been produced to meet the need for more biofidelic dummy response to rear impact events than can be obtained using a standard Hybrid III dummy. While largely based on the Hybrid III 50th percentile dummy, the BioRID II has a hinged-segment spine design, with each of the 24 vertebrae explicitly represented. Stiffening springs and dampers are fitted to model the effect of the neck muscles, and the thoracic spine and torso are more flexible than that of the Hybrid III. 

  • BioRID II finite element
  • BioRID II facet
  • EvaRID: future development, please contact us for more information

Aviation dummies

The Hybrid III 50th percentile FAA dummy is a Hybrid III 50th percentile male-based dummy used for the development and certification of aircraft seats. The dummy is allowed by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) as an alternative to the Hybrid II dummy in dynamic aircraft seat test regulations FAR/JAR 23, 25, 27 and 29 Section 562. The main difference between the standard Hybrid III and the Hybrid FAA is the lumbar spine, that is capable of a more realistic response in severe vertical loading. The major improvement of the Hybrid III 50th FAA over the Hybrid II dummy is the extended instrumentation, in particular in the thorax, neck, and leg regions.

  • Hybrid II 50% ellipsoid
  • Hybrid III 50% FAA ellipsoid
  • Hybrid III 50% FAA Scalable
Aviation dummy in Coupling


The MADYMO subsystems portfolio consists of several models for headforms and legforms.

The pedestrian subsystem impactors represent parts of the human body and are used to assess the impact behaviour of specific regions of a vehicle. Within the framework of the European Enhanced Vehicle-safety Committee Working Groups 10 and 17, pedestrian subsystem impactors and test methods for the evaluation of pedestrian protection by vehicles have been developed. The EEVC WG17 impactors available are an adult headform impactor of 4.8kg, a child headform impactor of 2.5kg, a complete legform impactor and an upper legform impactor. As a result of discussions with the European automobile industry, another headform impactor has been developed in addition to the EEVC child and adult headform impactors. This ACEA headform impactor has a mass of 3.5kg. Currently, the EuroNCAP pedestrian impact test protocal uses the pedestrian subsystem impactors to assess the pedestrian injury risk for new car models. European directive 2003/102/EC, dealing with pedestrian protection, also prescribes the use of the EEVC and ACEA impactors for pedestrian injury risk assessment.


  • Body Block
  • ACEA 3.5 kg headform
  • Pedestrian adult headform
  • Pedestrian Child headform
  • FMVSS201 headform
  • FMVSS226 headform
  • JARI adult headform
  • JARI child headform
  • Flex-PLI: future development, please contact us for more information


  • Pedestrian legform ellipsoid
  • Pedestrian legform finite element
  • Pedestrian upper legform

H-point manikin

Two of the main design objectives for car interior are comfort and safety. Both comfort and safety of a car seat are determined by the position that the occupant takes in the seat. Car and seat manufacturers use the SAE J826 3D H-point manikin to measure seat and package related reference points to design, audit and benchmark seats.


H-point manikin

Motor cycle dummy

The motor cycle dummy
The Motorcycle Anthropometric Test Device, MATD for short, was developed by an international group in the 1990's. The work of ISO TC22/SC22/WG22 resulted in the specifications for a test protocol for evaluating the crashes of motorcycles against automobiles and the specifications for the tools to use in this crash test. The MATD dummy, specified in part 3 of the ISO 13232 document, is based on the Hybrid-III frontal impact dummy - the standard for frontal impacts in the past 30 years. ISO 13232 specifies a number of changes to this dummy to make the dummy suitable for motorcycle crashes. The most important features of the dummy are:

  • A modified head, that is compatible with motorcycle helmets;
  • A newly designed neck, that allows the dummy to be put in a number of different motorcycle positions, while keeping the head in an up-right position;
  • The use of the Hybrid-III sit-stand pelvis, which allows positioning of the dummy on the motorcycle;
  • Dummy hands that allow wrapping around the handlebars;
  • Frangible upper legs, lower legs, and knees;
  • A frangible abdomen;
  • An on-board dummy data acquisition system located in a modified spine box.


Motor cycle dummy with motor cycle helmet

Product Suite

The MADYMO product suite consists of the following products: Solver (stand alone and coupling), dummy, human and pedestrian models and a set of dedicated pre and post processing tools.